Our member Ícaro de Oliveira, under supervision of professor Renata Leoni, published a new scientific article in the Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging journal.
Title: Brain functional and perfusional alterations in schizophrenia: an arterial spin labeling study
Abstract: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects the anatomy and function of the brain, with an impact on one's thoughts, feelings, and behavior. The purpose of the study was to investigate cerebral blood flow (CBF) and brain connectivity in a group of patients with schizophrenia. Pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) images were acquired from 28 patients in treatment and 28 age-matched healthy controls. Mean CBF and connectivity patterns were assessed. Schizophrenia patients had decreased CBF in the bilateral frontal pole and superior frontal gyrus, right medial frontal gyrus, triangular and opercular parts of the inferior frontal gyrus, posterior division of the left supramarginal gyrus, superior and inferior divisions of the left lateral occipital cortex, and bilateral occipital pole. Moreover, through different methods to assess connectivity, our results showed abnormal connectivity patterns in regions involved in motor, sensorial, and cognitive functions. Using pCASL, a non-invasive technique, we found CBF deficits and altered functional organization of the brain in schizophrenia patients that are associated with the symptoms and characteristics of the disorder.
The complete paper can be found here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.12.001